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Codename: Sailor V (コードネームはセーラーV Kōdonēmu wa Sērā V) was a manga series written and illustrated by Naoko Takeuchi and is the predecessor of Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon. The manga was serialized from 1991 to 1997 and followed the adventures of 13 Year Old Minako Aino as Sailor V before she teamed up with the other members of the Sailor Senshi.


In 1991, Takeuchi, known for her previous manga, The Cherry Project, was offered to write a short story about anything she wished. Being a fan of both the Magical Girl genre and Tokusatsu shows, she decided to combine the two. The result was a one-shot title, Codename: Sailor V, featuring a young girl who could transform into a hero to fight the forces of evil.

Toei Animation caught wind of the story and saw the amount of potential it could have. They contacted Takeuchi with the intent to create an anime from this dual concept, except there would be more than just one character who could transform. That idea would later turn into Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon.

Due to Takeuchi writing both Codename: Sailor V and Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon simultaneously, Codename's chapters were released more sporadically and ended up being much shorter than Sailor Moon. It concluded in 1997 with a total of fifteen chapters.


Codename: Sailor V tells the story of Minako Aino, a 13 year old middle school student who is outspoken, somewhat absentminded, and dreams about finding her true love one day. Her calm and normal life changes when she encounters a white cat with a crescent moon on its forehead. The cat introduces himself as Artemis and claims that Minako is a girl with the power to transform into a solider more powerful and beautiful than anyone else. He bestows upon her a mission to protect the Earth in the name of her guardian planet, Venus.

To help her with this mission, Artemis grants her two items, a crescent moon shaped compact and a magical pen. The pen allows her to transform into her alter-ego, the sailor-suited beautiful Guardian of Justice, Sailor V. Sailor V begins to fight against the agents of the Dark Agency, headed by the mysterious Danburite.

At the end of the series, Minako remembers her previous life with the other senshi and realizes that her duty to protect the princess is more important than romance. Shedding her identity as Sailor V, she begins her true mission as Sailor Venus.

Volume Releases

Volume Chapters Pages Release Date
1 Japanese (original release) - Act 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 192 December 18, 1993
Japanese (shinzouban) - Act 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 276 October 29, 2004
English (original release) -Act 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 272 September 13, 2011
2 Japanese (original release) - Act 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 193 October 22, 1994
Japanese (shinzouban) - Act 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 290 November 22, 2004
English (original release) - Act 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 296 November 15, 2011
3 Japanese (original release) - Act 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 188 November 6, 1997

Chapter List

Number Title
1 The Birth of Sailor V!
2 Minako in "Game Center Crown"
3 Sailor V Arrives! - "Channel 44" Pandora's Ambition
4 The Ambition of Petite Pandora
5 The Machinations of the Dark Agency
6 Showdown! Sailor V vs Cyber-Girl Warrior Lurga
7 Sailor V on Vacation - Desire for Hawaii!
8 Love on the Boulevard - Full Throttle Turbo
9 Sailor V vs deVleene!
10 Sailor V in Trouble?!
11 Pet Chapter 1, Nyan-Nyan's Schemes!
12 Pet Chapter 2, Wan-Wan's Schemes!
13 Pet Chapter 3, Chuu Chuu's Schemes
14 The Man Who Bet on the Headband Stone
15 A New Journey Begins (Part 1)
16 A New Journey Begins (Part 2)

Connection to Other Series

In Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon

Sailor V has also appeared in the live-action series, Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon. Her awakening, weapons, and attacks were different, but this depiction of Sailor V stayed true to her original manga counterpart. She had a small following of young girls who wished to be like her, including Sailor K, Sailor N, and Sailor M.

Sailor V to Sailor Moon Characters

Minako has a best friend name Hikaru Sorano who looks like Ami and a student name Gurikazu Amano who had a strong similarity to Umino Gurio. The same appearances were then used for Sailor Moon.



Cover art for volume one of the original release
Codename wa Sailor V 02
Cover art of volume two of the original release
Cover art for volume three of the original release
Codename wa Sailor V New Edition 01
Cover art for volume one of the re-release
Codename wa Sailor V New Edition 02
Cover art for volume two of the re-release


Coming soon...

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